Bowlegs In Children: The Symptoms And The Causes


It is common for a toddler to already start showing signs of legs that are bowed when the child is still very young. A child that has bowed legs usually has a gap that is distinctive between their lower legs and knees when they are standing with the feet together. Bowed legs will either effect one of or both the legs and a pediatrician or the parents will probably see that the legs of the child are starting to curve outwards in the initial years of the child’s life. 

The Causes Of Bowed Legs In A Child 

Many young children that start to exhibit bowed-legs when they are babies have what is known as physiological genu-varum. In many cases, this problem will correct itself eventually, and usually does not affect the mobility of the child or result in complications that are long-term.

A child that displays significant bowing might be examined for Blount’s disease, which is the condition which results in abnormalities in the tibia growth plate, or in the upper shinbone. For children that are under the age of 2, physicians might at this stage fail to distinguish physiologic genu-varum from bowing. Yet if by the age of three the bowing is not resolved, most doctors will conduct X-rays to find out if the patient has Blount’s disease. 

Rickets may also be the cause for bow-legs in a child. This is a type of bone disease that can cause other types of deformities in the bones. This condition is uncommon when it comes to developed countries as this condition is the direct result of a lack in calcium, phosphorous and vitamin D in the diet of the child. A child with bowed legs is likely deficient in vitamin D and supplements and lifestyle change can help solve this.

Symptoms Linked With Bowed Legs In Children 

Symptoms linked to bowed legs will be at its most obvious when a child stands or walks. A common symptom for this condition is an uncoordinated and awkward walking pattern. Another common symptom in toddlers that have bowed legs is known as turning in or in-toeing in the feet. Children that have bowed feet will usually not be delayed when it comes to meeting up to developmental milestones, yet the bowing may appear to be somewhat alarming. 

While bowed legs will not usually result in pain, bowing that is prolonged into the adolescent years can result in discomfort in the hips or ankle or knee pain caused from consistent stress to these joints. A child that has bowed legs might lose balance or trip more frequently. 

Treatment Options

There are a number of treatment options currently available for a child with bowing that includes both non-surgical and surgical options. The toddlers that have physiological genu-varum will not need active treatment, yet a pediatrician will monitor the child until such stage that the condition resolves. In rare cases, bowing may not resolve completely and the parents might have an aesthetic concern. When it comes to these cases, a doctor may recommend surgery to correct the bowed legs which were unable to resolve in the earlier years of childhood.

Do Minerals Supply Your Body With Energy?

vitamins and minerals

Vitamins and minerals are also known as micronutrients, and that’s for a good reason. Your body needs them, but in much smaller amounts than protein, carbohydrates and fat. While vitamins and minerals don’t provide vital energy, their role is to unlock the energy from protein, fat and carbohydrates.

So, when it comes to the question: do minerals provide energy? The answer is yes and no. They don’t directly contain energy, but they are vital to releasing energy in other foods.

There are 13 essential vitamins, namely A, C, D, E, K, and 8 B vitamins. Vitamins fulfill various roles in your body such as maintaining the health of your skin, bones, hair and eyes, delaying the onset of premature aging signs by protecting your cells from aging, supporting reproduction and growth, as well as regulating blood clotting. 

You can take most of these vitamins from various foods such as grains, vegetables, fruits, dairy products, meat and beans. By properly balancing your nutrition to eat foods from all these groups, you’ll benefit from a vitamin-rich diet.

There are 16 essential minerals: calcium, magnesium, iron, zinc, selenium, copper, iodine, phosphorus, potassium, sulfur, sodium, chloride,  manganese, molybdenum, chromium, and fluoride. Minerals play essential roles in maintaining blood pressure, bodily fluids balance, bone health, the regeneration of cells, as well as in the normal functioning of the nerves and muscles. 

Different minerals are found in different foods. By eating a balanced diet with foods from all the five main groups, you can secure the mineral supply required for your body to function properly.

Calcium and iron are arguably the most important minerals. Unfortunately, there are many Americans who don’t eat enough calcium or iron. Calcium is essential for the formation of bones and teeth throughout childhood and adolescence, until the adult age. 

Calcium is also important during your adult life, as it contributes to maintaining a healthy bone density, thus preventing osteoporosis, a medical condition that makes your bones fragile and prone to breaking very often. The milk and dairy group of foods contains the highest amount of calcium. 

Milk, cheese and yogurt are only a few examples of foods you should eat to get your needed calcium dose. Some foods are fortified with calcium during the production process. Like this, you can find on the market calcium-fortified cereals and juices. Tofu, legumes and greens also contain calcium, but in smaller amounts.

Iron is very important for the health of the red blood cells and for the myoglobin in muscle cells. Thus, iron contributes to carrying oxygen from the lungs to the other organs and to all cells throughout the entire body. 

Iron deficiency is one of the most common problems of our modern world and it generates fatigue, weakness, anemia and an unhealthy color of the skin and of the limbs. Breads and cereals are sometimes enriched with iron, in order to help people get the right intake from foods. If you want to eat more iron, consider drinking orange juice and eating tomatoes.

Zinc benefits

Zinc Benefits

There are many Zinc benefits for the body The metal zinc is an essential trace element. An essential element is one that the human body does not produce on its own. An essential trace element is one that the human body needs in small amounts for optimum health. Kids and adults who do not get enough of this metal in its edible form through diet can suffer from zinc deficiency. Zinc deficiency can lead to stunted growth, children may suffer from diarrhea and wounds take longer to heal for both kids and adults. There are many zinc benefits, whether you consume zinc rich foods or take zinc supplements.


Benefits of Taking Zinc Supplements


Zinc or zinc supplements strengthen immunity. This helps in fighting colds and preventing various other common illnesses. Zinc is a potent antioxidant and can reduce the oxidative stress at a cellular level. It can play a role in preventing and fighting cancer. Zinc supplements can balance hormones, including testosterone, progesterone and estrogen, thereby averting or curing infertility, menstruation problems, early menopause and mood swings. Zinc reduces blood sugar and hence helps diabetics, the blood vessels are strengthened and hence you would have a healthier heart, you would have better digestive health and this will assist the absorption of various essential nutrients, your liver would be stronger and be protected against free radicals and inflammation and

your muscles would be repaired faster and they would also grow stronger.


Avoid Deficiency with Zinc Supplements or Zinc Rich Foods


Kids and adults who do not get enough zinc through diet would suffer from its deficiency. There are various symptoms of zinc deficiency and many ailments can occur in its absence. Ear infections that recur from time to time, lower respiratory infections, macular degeneration, cataract, night blindness, high blood pressure and blood sugar, some skin conditions like acne, eczema and psoriasis, eating disorders, erectile dysfunction, muscle cramps, weak bones, rheumatoid arthritis and liver disease are some of the long term effects of zinc deficiency.


Infants require two milligrams of zinc per day up to six months and three milligrams per day from the seventh to the twelfth month. Children need three milligrams per day up to the age of three and then five and eight milligrams per day up to the eighth year and thirteen year respectively. Male adolescents and adults need nine eleven milligrams per day. Adolescent and adult females need nine and eight milligrams per day respectively.


Zinc Rich Foods

Common foods rich in zinc are lamb, grass fed beef, chickpeas, pumpkin seeds, cashews, yogurt, turkey, chicken, eggs, salmon, mushroom and cocoa powder, Watermelon seeds, garlic, wheat germ, sesame seeds.